Enter and exit animations with framer-motion

  • — Framer-Motion

    — Guide

  • 3 min. read

  • — 1/4/2023

Wizard with a wand over a cauldron and open books.
Bring out that magician's wand, because we're going to make things disappear... and reappear, all with framer-motion. Photo by Artem Maltsev / Unsplash
Hey this is Part 3 of my series on getting started with framer-motion, check outs Part 1 or Part 2 if you haven't already.

One of framer-motion's coolest features is the ability to natively animate elements into, and out of, the page.

It's called AnimatePresence and it's a React component that you can import like so:

import { AnimatePresence } from "framer-motion"

🏃‍♂️ Get started with AnimatePresence

We can use AnimatePresence to check if a motion component should play an entry or exit animation based on some React state. It's a bit weird, but the general syntax looks like this:

	{state && ( 
        <motion.div key={...} initial={...} animate={...} exit={...} />

You'll notice our familiar initial and animate props as well as some new props like key and exit, let's break them down real quick:

  • initial will set the initial state of the animation, you can think of this as where the element should be before it enters the page
  • animate is the actual entry animation you want to play
  • exit is now the opposite of animate and it tells framer-motion how the component should exit the page
  • key is a unique identifier (typically a string) that framer-motion uses to track animation state while transitioning a motion component into/out of the DOM

🔎 How AnimatePresence plays intro/exit animations

AnimatePresence is a wrapper component that you can imagine as a pair of eyes (👀) that keeps track of whatever motion components you define within it. The "key" here is the key prop (heh). It tells framer-motion where the motion component is within its lifecycle.

The second part to this equation is the React state that conditionally renders the motion component. This is where the power of framer-motion and AnimatePresence comes in: your animation plays its intro animation based on what's defined in animate and if the component is being rendered into the DOM. Likewise, your exit animation plays based on what's defined in exit and if your component is leaving the DOM.

AnimatePresence will allow your exit animation to play before unmounting the component entirely (and deleting its markup from the client-side HTML).

🌲 Animating presence with multiple children

If you need to render an array of items (say a list and you want items rendered one-by-one) then you need to make sure you're using a key that has a unique ID.

Given that, the syntax for adding multiple children is 1:1 with React:

	{items.map((item, i) => (
    	<m.li key={i} initial={...} animate={...} exit={...}>

Also keep in mind that you need to alter the array to conditionally render children into and out of the DOM!

⚙️ Configuring AnimatePresence

There are certain props you can pass into AnimatePresence to customize its behavior.

The default configuration of this component should be good for 99% of use-cases, though I'll run over some edge cases where configuring the component can be helpful.

initial: boolean

Use initial={false} if you want to use AnimatePresence where the motion component already exists on the page at runtime and you want to animate it out.

mode: "popLayout" | "sync"

The default value for mode is sync, basically this means that multiple children within AnimatePresence will animate into/out of the DOM on a one-by-one basis and the DOM layout will get updated as soon as the most recent animation stops playing. popLayout is a more advanced use-case and it essentially allows for continuous layout changes as more children element either enter into the DOM or are taken out of it. For the most part, sync is exactly what you want.

🎉 Final remarks

We've just taken a quick look at a very powerful component in framer-motion: AnimatePresence. In the next tutorial we're going to cover an even more powerful feature of framer-motion. Stay tuned by subscribing below.

Shaun Chander

hey (again), I'm shaun

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